What is Asthma?

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the lungs, which can cause difficulty breathing. It is a common chronic disease, which affects over 30 million people globally. Asthmatics can have mild or severe symptoms, depending on the severity of the disease. Mild symptoms of asthma usually include mild to moderate wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness. Severe symptoms of asthma can include chest pain, cough, and difficulty breathing.

Asthma is a chronic disease which can be caused by various factors. It can be developed due to genetics, environmental factors, and also due to other health issues. If you are living with asthma, then you can experience symptoms of asthma at least once in a year. This disease can be managed with the help of medications and other treatment methods.

What are the Causes of Asthma?

There are various causes of asthma, which are as follows:

Genetic Causes

Genetics is the primary reason behind asthma. If you have a family history of asthma, then you might have asthma. Asthma can be hereditary or non-hereditary. If your parents have asthma, then you are more likely to develop asthma.

Non-Genetic Causes

Non-genetic causes of asthma include:

  • Environmental Elements
  • Viruses
  • Pollen
  • Dust mites
  • Cockroaches
  • Mold
  • Cockroach allergens


Allergies are the primary reason for asthma. Asthma is caused by the immune system response, which happens when you have an allergy. An allergic reaction is an excessive reaction of the immune system, which causes the disease. According to the National Institute of Health (NIH), asthma is the most common allergic disorder.

The allergic reaction causes inflammation in the airways, which causes breathing difficulties. This disease also affects the airways and the lungs. This disease causes airway obstruction, which leads to wheezing and chest tightness.

When the airways are blocked, it can cause asthma attacks. The symptoms can vary from mild to severe. The symptoms of asthma can last for a short period to a long period.


Smoking is the primary cause of asthma. It is the most common cause of asthma. According to the CDC, smoking is also responsible for 90% of asthma deaths. In addition, the CDC also states that smoking can cause about 60,000 deaths each year.

Smoking is also the primary cause of respiratory and lung diseases. The major lung diseases that smoking causes are:

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Bronchitis
  • Tuberculosis
  • Lung cancer
  • Respiratory infection
  • Emphysema


Inhalants are the substances which come into contact with the airways. It is the most common cause of asthma. It can be caused by certain substances, which are inhaled from the air. The inhaled substances can cause inflammation in the airways. When the inflammation occurs, it can cause wheezing, chest tightness, and coughing.

Inhalants can be caused by:

  • Aromatherapy
  • Smoking
  • Chemicals
  • Paint
  • Cigarettes
  • Cigar smoke
  • Cigarette smoke
  • Food
  • Cigarillo
  • Cigarillo filler
  • Cigarillo tobacco
  • Cigarillo flavor

Inhaled substances can also cause respiratory infections. They can also cause asthma attacks.

Who is at Risk of Developing Asthma?

The likelihood of developing asthma is higher in:

  • Children
  • People who are genetically prone to asthma
  • People with allergic problems
  • People who are underweight
  • People who are obese
  • People who smoke

Symptoms of Asthma

Symptoms of asthma can be mild to severe. The symptoms can last for a few days to a few weeks. If the symptoms are severe, then the condition can last for months. The symptoms of the disease can include:

  • Wheezing
  • Coughing
  • Tightness in the chest
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain

Treatment of Asthma

The best treatment for asthma is the proper management of the disease. The management of the disease can increase the quality of life. The following are the treatment methods:

  • Avoiding smoking
  • Avoiding inhalants
  • Avoiding dust mites
  • Taking anti-inflammatory medications
  • Taking steroids
  • Taking antibiotics
  • Taking bronchodilators
  • Using a nebulizer
  • Using a bronchodilator inhaler
  • Using inhalers
  • Using inhaled steroids

Complications of Asthma

The complications of asthma can be as follows:

  • Lung infections
  • Respiratory failure
  • Heart failure
  • Asthma attacks
  • Heart attacks
  • Kidney failure
  • Stroke
  • Bronchial obstruction

Complications of Asthma in Women

Women are more likely to have asthma than men. According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), women are more likely to have asthma. The NHLBI further states that women are likely to have asthma, which is more common in women than men.

Asthma in Women

The reason for this is that women are more prone to asthma than men. Women are also more likely to have asthma, which is genetic. Women are more likely to have asthma, which is due to genetics. Women are also more likely to experience severe asthma attacks. This is because women are more prone to asthma attacks than men.

Asthma in Women is more common in the following situations:

  • Women who are pregnant

Concluding thoughts

Asthma is the most common chronic inflammatory disease of the lungs, which can cause difficulty breathing. The disease can be developed due to various causes, including genetic, environmental, and also due to other health issues.

If you or a loved one is suffering from asthma, then you can contact the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (AAFA). The AAFA can help you in finding the right treatment for your disease.

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