What is Stomach ulcer?

Stomach ulcers are caused due to the irritation of the stomach lining, which is caused due to various factors. Many times an ulcer can occur without any known reason, which is called as spontaneous gastric ulcer. If a person eats acidic food or drinks a lot of alcohol, he can develop stomach ulcer.

Stomach ulcer affects the stomach lining and causes irritation, which results in inflammation of the stomach lining. When stomach lining becomes inflamed, it becomes harder and harder to digest food, which results in stomach wall becoming thicker and harder.

When stomach ulcer happens, the stomach lining becomes irritated and causes it to become inflamed, which results in the formation of ulcer.

The ulcer can also be due to certain conditions such as stomach infection, gastric cancer, and gastrointestinal bleeding.

Stomach Ulcer Symptoms

Stomach ulcer symptoms may vary from person to person, and depend on several factors such as:

  • Age
  • Sex
  • Genetics
  • Medical history of the patient
  • Duration of the ulcer
  • Whether it is acute or chronic
  • If the patient is overweight or not
  • The severity of the ulcer
  • The type of ulcer
  • The degree of your acid reflux

Stomach ulcer can be acute or chronic, depending on the severity of the condition.

Acute gastric ulcer symptoms appear suddenly, and most of them come on suddenly. Acute gastric ulcer, usually, appears due to some kind of food or medication, which can make your stomach lining get irritated.

Chronic gastric ulcer symptoms are slow to appear, and may take up to few weeks to appear.

If you have any of the above symptoms, you should visit a doctor immediately.

Stomach ulcer causes

People are prone to develop stomach ulcer, but the reasons why stomach ulcer happens are not known. Many times, stomach ulcer may occur suddenly, without any known reason, which is called as spontaneous gastric ulcer.

The most common cause of stomach ulcer is due to the irritation of the stomach lining, which results in the formation of ulcer.

Some of the common causes of stomach ulcer are:

  • Bacterial infection of stomach lining
  • Viral infection or stomach infection
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • H. Pylori infection
  • Food allergy
  • Alcoholic beverages
  • Chronic use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Gastritis
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Chronic pancreatitis
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Gallstones
  • Celiac disease
  • Antibiotics
  • Antifungal medication

Stomach ulcer treatment

The treatment of gastric ulcer depends on the type of gastric ulcer, the severity of the condition, and the presence of other diseases.

If you have acute gastric ulcer, your doctor will likely prescribe you with medication to control your stomach acid.

If you have chronic gastric ulcer, the doctor might suggest you to follow a low-fat diet, which can result in the reduction of fat and cholesterol in your body.

Your doctor also might suggest you to take antacids to neutralize stomach acid.

Stomach ulcer prevention

People who are prone to develop stomach ulcer can take certain preventive measures to decrease the risk of developing gastric ulcer.

Here are some preventive measures you can take:

  • Avoiding spicy food
  • Eating less spicy food
  • Avoiding coffee, alcohol, and caffeinated drinks
  • Consuming less fatty food
  • Eating less fatty food
  • Losing weight
  • Avoiding the use of NSAIDs
  • Avoiding smoking
  • Avoiding stress
  • Avoiding overeating
  • Drinking enough water

Stomach ulcer prognosis

The prognosis of gastric ulcer depends on the type of gastric ulcer, if it is chronic, acute, or if it is due to a certain reason.

If your stomach ulcer is due to a certain reason, such as bacterial infection, your prognosis will be better.

If your stomach ulcer is due to H. Pylori infection, your prognosis will be the same as if you have a chronic gastric ulcer.

If chronic gastric ulcer is caused due to IBS, you can expect to have a good prognosis.

However, if your stomach ulcer is caused due to gastritis, you can expect to have a poor prognosis.

Stomach ulcer complications

The complications of stomach ulcer depend on the type of gastric ulcer, the severity of the condition, and if you have other diseases. Some of the complications of stomach ulcer are:

  • Stomach bleeding
  • Stomach ulcer bleeding
  • Stomach perforation
  • Stomach cancer
  • Gastric cancer
  • Gastric fistula
  • Gastric cancer in children

Wrapping up

The stomach ulcer is a condition that affects the stomach lining. The risk of developing stomach ulcer is high in people who consume spicy food, alcohol, coffee, or fatty food.

Stomach ulcer is a painful condition, which can be treated easily if you are aware of the symptoms.

Stomach ulcer can be caused by various conditions, and you can get a better prognosis if you treat it early.

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of stomach ulcer, you need to visit a doctor and get a proper diagnosis.

You can also take preventive measures to reduce the risk of developing stomach ulcer.

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