What is Warts and verrucas?

Warts and verrucas are common skin problems. They are caused by a virus or bacteria that infects the skin. Warts are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), and verrucas are caused by the herpes simplex virus.

HPV is a very common virus that causes warts. It is spread through skin-to-skin contact. You can catch HPV from a wart or from having sex with someone who has a wart.

Warts usually appear on your hands, feet, and other parts of your body where you have close contact with the virus. They are usually painless.

Sometimes, a wart can form on the face or on the genitals. These are called genital warts.

How are warts treated?

Most warts will go away on their own. They may disappear within a few weeks or months.

Warts can be treated with over-the-counter (OTC) wart removal creams and ointments. These can be bought over the counter or from a pharmacy.

If you have a wart on your hand, use an OTC wart removal cream on your wart. You can also use a hand sanitizer or wash your hands with soap and water after you use the cream.

When using a cream, you should apply it to the wart and not to your skin around the wart. You should then leave the cream on for about two hours.

After you have applied the cream, remove it with a cotton swab. Then, wash your hands with soap and water.

If your wart is painful to the touch, you can apply a pain reliever, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol), to the wart.

You should avoid sun exposure for at least a week after you have applied the cream.

If you have a wart on your foot, you can use an OTC wart removal cream. This cream can also be bought at a pharmacy.

You should follow the instructions that come with the cream. You should not apply the cream directly onto your skin.

You should apply the cream for about 30 minutes. Then, wash your feet with soap and water.

It is important not to scratch the wart. Scratching may spread the virus and make the wart more likely to come back.

You can use an OTC wart removal ointment if you have a wart on your face.

You can also use an OTC wart remover for a wart on your genitals.

You can also remove the wart at home with a pumice stone.

You should not use a pumice stone on your genitals or on your face.

How to prevent getting warts?

You can prevent HPV by not having sex. You can also get the HPV vaccine.

You can use condoms or dental dams to prevent HPV from spreading. You should use condoms every time you have sex.

You should also avoid having sex with someone who has a wart.

Warts can also spread from one part of your body to another. You can prevent this by washing your hands with soap and water.

You should also avoid touching your face with dirty hands. You should also avoid touching your face if you have a wart on your face.

Can warts be prevented in the future?

Warts will not always go away.

If your warts go away, you may still get the virus. You should make sure that you do not have any active warts.

You can try to prevent warts by using condoms and by not having sex.

What are the symptoms of warts?

The symptoms of a wart can vary. Warts can affect your skin, mouth, throat, genitals, or eyes.

The symptoms of a wart are:

  • Itching.
  • Pain.
  • A raised, scaly bump.
  • A bump that turns into a sore that may ooze or bleed.
  • A bump that can be painful.

How are warts diagnosed?

Your doctor will examine your skin for any warts. They will also check your mouth to see if a wart is present.

If you have a large wart on your face, your doctor may have you look in your mouth. They may take a sample of the wart. They will send this sample to a laboratory, where it will be examined.

You should not have a wart removed if you do not have symptoms.

Your doctor will also look at the wart for any signs of infection or cancer. They will also take a sample of the wart to test for cancer.

Your doctor may order a biopsy of your wart to confirm the diagnosis. They will take a small piece of the wart and send it to a laboratory to be examined.

You may receive a diagnosis of:

  • Herpes simplex virus.
  • Human papillomavirus.
  • Basal cell carcinoma.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma.
  • Other skin cancers.

Takeaway

Warts are common. They can affect your skin, mouth, throat, genitals, or eyes.

They often go away on their own. If you have an active wart, you should make an appointment with your doctor.

They can examine the wart and check for signs of infection and cancer. They may also take a sample of the wart to test for cancer.

They can also perform a biopsy to confirm a diagnosis of a wart. They can then remove the wart safely.

Your doctor will examine your skin to look for any warts. They may also look inside your mouth for a wart. They may also check your throat for a wart.

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